Most of the tillers in Nepal are partially engaged in production oriented agriculture, which is subsistent in nature. It restricts them to benefit by economy of scale and enhanced livelihood and prosperity.
It is often opined that it is important to develop the agriculture sector rapidly for the economic revolution in Nepal. To start with the engagement and involvement of large number of people in agriculture will massively increase their employment. It will reduce the burden of sending youth outside as migrant workers and free Nepal from the dangerous dependency on unsustainable remittances.
Industrialization and value addition of crops, livestock, plantations, herbs and medicinal plants will boost livelihoods of the farmers.
The recent ventures of few Nepalese individuals on commercialization of new avenues of agriculture such as kiwi fruits, olive, avocado, ostrich, trout fish, tomatoes etc. are very encouraging and must be supported by the government and private sectors.
Land reform and commercialization of agriculture must be intertwined. The actual tillers should be the owners of the land. Government should support commercialization and industrialization of agriculture by promoting and supporting establishment of processing industries (value adding) based on the locally produced raw materials. The tillers work part time as factory workers. They along with erstwhile landlords should be encouraged to become shareholders of such industries. This way the tillers, who make up the bulk of poor people in the country, will be engaged full time and benefit three ways, as tillers of their land, as factory wage earners and finally the shareholders earning as owner of the factory.
This way it is highly expected that their livelihood increases with overall positive impact at the national economy. It is highly recommended that government must support with appropriate policy, technology, marketing of products of farmers by facilitating their national, regional and international linkage and infrastructure such as roads, transport, electricity, storage etc.